What is 'Tu B'Av' ?
The Israeli Holiday of Love! A minor Jewish holiday - a bit like Valentine's Day. It begins at sundown on August 18 this year (i.e. the 15th of Av, 5776 - Jewish calendar).
Correction / Update
We received the following information from P.L., a BamaBlog reader in the United States:
I notice that you write about T'u B'Av in Israel. I know you like to be accurate, so I thought I would share with you that there is something called Tu Baav that is is a holiday of love from the Midrasic time. Not celebrated in modern Israel by secular Jews. Maybe the Orthodox Jews do, as that date, the 15th of Av, comes after three solemn weeks and a day of fasting and lamentation.
The day we do commemorate in August, is on August 13 - a solemn, sad, and sober day, as we remember the destruction of the first and second temples, in 586 BC and 70 AD. On this day, observant Jews fast for 25 hours and chant Lamentations.
Will send more information soon.
Thank you, P.L., for your interest and for taking the time to send us this information!! We do strive for accuracy - and counting on the internet doesn't measure up to real input, real time, from real people.
We have updated the calendar with new and hopefully good data:
Tish'a B'Av (lit. "the ninth of Av") (Hebrew: תשעה באב or ט׳ באב) is an annual fast day in Judaism which commemorates the anniversary of a number of disasters in Jewish history, primarily the destruction of both the First and Second Temples in Jerusalem – 655 years apart but on the same day.
Tisha B'Av is regarded as the saddest day in the Jewish calendar and it is thus believed to be a day which is destined for tragedy. Tisha B'Av falls in July or August in the Western calendar.
The observance of the day includes five prohibitions, most notable of which is a 25-hour fast. The Book of Lamentations, which mourns the destruction of Jerusalem is read in the synagogue, followed by the recitation of kinnot, liturgical dirges that lament the loss of the Temple and Jerusalem.
As the day has become associated with remembrance of other major calamities which have befallen the Jewish people, some kinnot also recall events such as the murder of the Ten Martyrs, massacres in numerous medieval Jewish communities during the Crusades and the Holocaust.
Correction / Update #2
Ascension Assumption (of Mary)
MiddleLink Note: This error is entirely due to sloppiness and fuzzy thinking on my part. Ascension is another Catholic holiday 40 days after Easter that refers to Christ ascending into heaven - and is of ancient origins - perhaps back to the Second Century CE. Both of these feast days are national holidays in:
Austria, Belgium, Benin, Bosnia, Burundi, Cameroon, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, Italy, Ivory Coast, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malta, Mauritius, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Senegal, Seychelles, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Togo, and Vanuatu)
The Catholic Church teaches as dogma that the Virgin Mary "having completed the course of her earthly life, was assumed body and soul into heavenly glory". This doctrine was dogmatically defined by Pope Pius XII on November 1, 1950, in the apostolic constitution Munificentissimus Deus by exercising papal infallibility.
In Munificentissimus Deus (item 39) Pope Pius XII pointed to the Book of Genesis (3:15) as scriptural support for the dogma in terms of Mary's victory over sin and death as also reflected in 1 Corinthians 15:54: "then shall come to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory".
Thank you, BamaBlog Readers, for pointing out both our errors and our fuzzy thinking!
We Feature Luxembourg in August - WHY?
BECAUSE: BamaBlog is playing catch-up - our July calendar had the French, Belgian and American national 'birthdays' but -
...our June Calendar should have shown
Luxembourg's national day on the 23rd - it is the - Celebration publique de l'anniversaire du souverain - the "official birthday of the Grand Duke" - (although no Grand Duke/Duchess has ever had a real birthday that fell on this day).
To Grand Duke Henri (here with his Duchess):
A Belated Happy Birthday from BamaBlog !
Click on the photo
to hear the Luxembourg national anthem
Lots about Lux
With an area of 2,586 square kilometres (998 sq mi), Luxembourg is one of the smallest sovereign states in Europe (about the same size as the state of Rhode Island).
...and Click HERE for a little video about this little country.
Luxembourg is a developed country, with an advanced economy and the world's highest GDP (PPP) per capita - $100,191. (According to the United Nations in 2014).
As a representative democracy with a constitutional monarch, it is headed by a grand duke and is the world's only remaining grand duchy.
Luxembourg had a population of 524,853 in October 2012, ranking it the 7th least-populous country in Europe (only the Vatican City, Monaco, San Marino, Liechtenstein, Malta and Andorra are smaller).
Luxembourg is a founding member of the European Union, OECD, United Nations, NATO, and Benelux, reflecting its political consensus in favour of economic, political, and military integration.
Its capital - Luxembourg City - is together with Brussels and Strasbourg one of the three official capitals of the European Union and seat of the European Court of Justice, highest juridical instance in the EU.
Luxembourg served on the United Nations Security Council for the years 2013 and 2014, which was a first in the country's history.
In 2016, Luxembourgish citizens had visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 172 countries and territories, ranking the Luxembourgian passport 6th in the world, tied with countries such as Canada and Switzerland .
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Who ever heard of a country that required a language test in one language to obtain the nationality, yet to apply for it you need to fill out the forms in another?
Oh wait - that would be Luxembourg!
... Jean-Claude Juncker
On the 1st of November 2014, the former long-time Luxembourg Prime Minister and Finance Minister (1989-2013), Jean-Claude Juncker, was elected as President of the European Union Commission. He is the first president that campaigned prior to the election as a candidate - a process introduced with the implementation of the Treaty of Lisbon, 1 December 2009.
1000 years of Independence
963 - from Lotharingia / Duchy of Upper Lorraine
1354 - Elevation to Duchy of Luxembourg
1814 - from the French Empire and elevation to Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
19 April 1839 - Independence in personal Union with the Netherlands Treaty of London)
11 May 1867 - Reaffirmation of Independence Treaty of London
23 November 1890 - End of personal union with the Kingdom of the Netherlands
1944/1945 - from the German Reich
... The Motto
Luxembourg motto refers to the ambition of the people to remain separate from, and independent of, those neighbouring countries around it that have traditionally tried to dominate it politically, economically as well as militarily and, as final goal, to annex it: Belgium, France, and Germany ( Prussia before the first German unification of 1870-71).
Kommt hier aus Frankräich, Belgie, Preisen,
Mir wellen iech ons Hémecht weisen,
Frot dir no alle Säiten hin,
Mir welle bleiwe wat mir sin.
In English, this reads:
Come here from France, Belgium, Prussia,
we want to show you our fatherland
ask in all directions,
We want to remain what we are.
Imagine ! - Luxembourg Music
The Grande-Duchesse Joséphine-Charlotte Concert Hall is located on the Kirchberg plateau in the City of Luxembourg. Opened in 2005, it plays host to 400 performances each year and is one of the main concert halls in Europe (Architect - Christian de Portzamparc) .
... was a Luxembourg composer, choirmaster, organist and conductor who is often referred to as Luxembourg's national composer. He founded the national choral association Sang a Klang (1857) and composed many songs, orchestral music and operettas as well as music for brass bands and the theatre.
Born 10 January 1835, when he died on 7 February 1902, he had become so popular that he was mourned by the entire nation. Over 6,000 people, including representatives of 45 societies, attended his funeral.
Click on the Concert Hall image to hear 'Evening Prayer' - for the cello - by Menager.
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Some of our own who are Luxembourgers:
David - Jeannine - Jo - Ann - Leslie - Matteo
(Lead Photo by Jo - from Facebook)
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The Gordon Book > >
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Enghien - 1 August 2016